"Woe to You," Pharisees
I believe that God thinks the interactions that Jesus had with the Pharisees are important because He shows us so many examples in the Gospels. All of Matthew 23 is dedicated to Jesus’ teaching about the Pharisees and teachers of the law. It starts out pretty good for the religious leaders; “ Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: "The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. So you must obey them and do everything they tell you.” (verses 1-3a) Here Jesus is recognizing the place that these men hold in society and the respect they should be given, but then He continues… “But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach. They tie up heavy loads and put them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them. "Everything they do is done for men to see: They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long; they love the place of honor at banquets and the most important seats in the synagogues; they love to be greeted in the marketplaces and to have men call them 'Rabbi.'” (verses 3b-7) Can you feel the Pharisees squirming in their seats of honor? Jesus then goes on to deliver the “Seven Woes” to the Pharisees.
We don’t use the term “woe to you” much these days, at least in my household, but in the Bible it is used fairly often and what follows is not good. For six of the seven woes, Jesus starts off with, “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites!” (verses 13, 15, 23, 25, 27 and 29), and the other woe says, “Woe to you, blind guides!” (verse 16). Which would you rather be, a hypocrite or a blind guide? A moral failure or a danger to others? I guess it doesn’t matter in the case of the Pharisees which one they would prefer because Jesus was calling them both.
Look at each of the seven woes and what Jesus says the religious leaders are doing;
- You shut the kingdom of heaven in men's faces.
- You travel over land and sea to win a single convert, and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are.
- You say, 'If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.
- You give a tenth of your spices—mint, dill and cummin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faithfulness.
- You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence.
- You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men's bones and everything unclean.
- You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous. And you say, 'If we had lived in the days of our forefathers, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.' So you testify against yourselves that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets.
Dad gum. Do you ever try to memorize what you need at the store instead of writing a list? I do. I start out by remembering the number of things I need, so let’s say I need seven things and I look to see what I have in my hands (I also try to never use a basket, a cart is out of the question. I would rather stack things up in my arms and try and make it to the checkout without dropping anything), and see six things I know I forgot something. Do you think the Pharisees did that with the seven woes? “Ok Nicodemus, what was that middle woe again?”
How do you think the Pharisees responded to all this attention Jesus was giving them? “But the Pharisees went out and plotted how they might kill Jesus.” (Matthew 12:14). I think that even today when the Pharisee in us comes out we plot how we can kill the true message of Jesus Christ.