The Holy Spirit and the Messiah
The word Messiah in Hebrew means anointed one. The word Christ also means anointed one. What does the Old Testament and the New Testament mean when it says that Jesus is the anointed one? What we find in Scripture is that the anointing comes from the Holy Spirit. An anointing normally set someone apart as a prophet, or a king, or a priest. Jesus Christ of course is all three of them. In predicting the coming of Jesus the prophet Isaiah described him this way.
Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, And a branch from his roots will bear fruit. And the Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him, The Spirit of wisdom and understanding, The Spirit of counsel and strength, The Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD. (Isaiah 11:1-2)
It is the unique characteristic of Jesus that he was completely obedient to the leading of the Spirit and was fully blessed by the Holy Spirit. His wisdom came from the Spirit and his strength or power came from the Spirit. It was the presence of the Spirit that made him the Messiah or anointed One. In the Old Testament what, set the king or the priest or the prophet apart was being anointed by oil; the word Messiah actually means to be oiled or to have oil rubbed upon one or poured upon one. Jesus was never anointed by oil. His anointing was the Holy Spirit coming upon him.
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