The Holy Spirit


It is our duty as Christians to recognize the role of the Holy Spirit to discern the gifts that God has given us.

The Role and Person and Work of the Holy Spirit

  • He is a person. (John 14:16-17);
  • He is our advocate (John 14:16, I John 2:1);
  • He imparts new life (John 3:3-6);
  • He pleads our case before God the Father (Romans 8:26-27);
  • He bears witness and glorifies Christ (Romans 8:14, Galatians 4:6);
  • He pours God's love in our hearts (Romans 5:4-5, Galatians 5:22-23);
  • He is always with us (Matthew 28:20, Hebrews 13:5-6);
  • He indwells within us (John 14:17, Ephesians 3:16-17);
  • He is powerful and able to do the will of the Father through us (Acts 1:8, 4:31, 10:45);
  • He is essential for our salvation (John 3:5, I Corinthians 12:3);
  • He is essential for our sanctification (Romans 7:21-25, II Corinthians 3:18);
  • He is essential for our service and sharing of faith (Acts1:8); He is Lord, loving, and available to us (I Corinthians 6:19-20);


The main names for the Holy Spirit: Counselor; Comforter; Baptizer; Advocate; Strengthener; Sanctifier; Spirit of Christ (not the same as the spirit of Christ); Seven-Fold Spirit (Rev.); Spirit of Truth; Spirit of Grace; Spirit of Mercy; Spirit of God; Spirit of Holiness; Spirit of Life. He is symbolized in the OT and NT by (1) breath or wind; (2) fire; (3) water; (4) oil; (5) light; (6) a dove.

  • The Spirit: (Romans 2:29)
  • The Holy Spirit: (Luke 3:16)
  • The Holy Spirit of God: (Ephesians 4:30)
  • The Holy Spirit of Promise: (Ephesians 1:13)
  • The Spirit of the Living God: (2 Corinthians 3:3)
  • The Spirit of the Lord: (Luke 4:18)
  • The Eternal Spirit: (Hebrews 9:14)
  • The Spirit of Truth: (John 15:26)
  • The Spirit of Yeshua: (Acts 16:7)
  • The Spirit of Yeshua, the Messiah (Philippians 1:19)
  • The Spirit of Messiah: (Romans 8:9)
  • The Spirit of God: (Romans 8:9)
  • Helper or Comforter: (John 14:26)

The Holy Spirit is compared to:

  • Clothing (Luke 24:49): Because He clothes us with power from on high.
  • A Dove (Matthew 3:16): Because the dove is a symbol of purity and peace. It flies in the heavens and was used as a sacrifice for the poor.
  • A Pledge, Earnest Money (2 Corinthians 1:22): Because He is the pledge and the down payment of our inheritance.
  • A Seal (Ephesians 1:13): Because a seal protects, makes secure, and demonstrates ownership.
  • Fire (Acts 2:3): Because fire separates the impure from the pure, it cleanses and purifies.
  • Oil (Acts 10:38): Because oil was used for anointing, for healing, for nourishment, and it burned to give light.
  • Water (John 7:38): Because water is simple yet mysterious. It is tasteless, formless, colorless, transparent, and buoyant. It can hold up a huge ship. It is used for transportation. The Holy Spirit holds us up and transports us through this world to the World To Come. Water cleanses and refreshes. With water there is life, growth, and fruitfulness. Without water there are deserts.
  • Wind (John 3:8): Because we can't see the wind but we can see its results. Just as the wind blows wherever it wants, so is God's Spirit sovereign. He gives gifts as He wills. Wind can be powerful like a tornado or hurricane, or be a cool,refreshing breeze.
  • Breath (John 20:22): Because without breath we die. God's breath gives us life. We have life and intimacy with God due to His indwelling Spirit.
  • Wine (Ephesians 5:18): Because we are not to be drunk with wine, but be filled with the Spirit.

It is our duty as Christians to recognize the role of the Holy Spirit to find out our gifts that all have been given.Then we must be discipled in those gifts and use our gifts to glorify His Kingdom. In doing this, we become obedient and we receive and we rely and trust in his role. (Acts 19:1-2, Romans 12:1-2, Galatians 5:13-26, Revelations 3:20, Ephesians 3:17, and Luke 11:13)

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