Resume Writing 101
As a resume reviewer I don’t usually get to start with a “blank sheet”, I’m instead put in the position of critiquing an existing resume—one that the job seeker has often worked diligently on for days or weeks or months. Sometimes the resume is so pitiful I can’t bring myself to mark everything that’s wrong with it … it could discourage them beyond the point of getting them to fix their resume.
While I need to recognize and commend the efforts that the job seekers have put into writing and formatting their resumes, I still need to guide them to writing better ones. For the really bad situations it’s easier for me to just put a “checklist” in their hand. So after I’ve marked a few key items on the resume, I flip it over and start writing a “resume essentials” checklist that they need to implement. While the list I write for them might vary depending on what I see wrong with their resume, I usually draw my remarks from a small set of core essentials that every resume should address. Here are some of basic guidelines for writing a resume:
Completing Your Basic Checklist
- Plan to write 2 resumes to start with.
- Journal resume of your entire life with everything that you’ve ever done all the way back to high school jobs.
- From that first resume draw only the points relevant to your current job search and create a “job” resume – this is the one you hand out.
- Avoid the functional resume format unless you really need to use it. Focus instead on a chronological or even a hybrid resume – 1/2 functional, 1/2 chronological.
- Use Times New Roman font at either 11 or 12 font size. Your contact info and section headers can be a larger font, but all the rest of the text is the same size.
- If you choose to use an “Objective” line, make it engaging. Something like “Certified Project Manager with 10 years of experience leading IT integration projects looking to lead a small IT project team.”
- Try to get your resume to fit on 1 page, if it’s 2 pages, that’s OK. But no more, unless you have professional credentials (author, professor, etc.) and need the next pages for listing your publications or other works.
- Across the top put your name (first and last name only), address (at least city, state and ZIP), cell number and e-mail (one specifically for the job hunt) in any reasonable, clear layout.
- Stick with 1-inch margins (or very close). White space is needed between the main sections of the resume, so put a blank line between major sections.
- Use “generic” job titles if your current company-specific job title is not fully descriptive. For example, be a “Sr. Java Programmer” rather than a “Technology Specialist III.”
- Pick one date format and stick with it! I suggest using either a “9/2009” format or a “September 2009” format. Yes, you can list only years if you choose to (I do on my resume), but be aware it sometimes raises questions.
- List your college degrees, the university name and year obtained. Start with your most recent degree and put your education information at the end of the resume, just past your work history. (If you’re a new graduate and don’t have a work history relative to your desired industry, then these go at the top of the resume just below your contact information.)
- Industry-recognized certificates or current certifications should be listed behind your degrees. Professional organizations where you are a leader (not just a member) relative to your job search should also be listed here.
- Keyword or skills section with about 6-10 words/phrases that lists both soft skills (Leadership, Sales and Marketing, etc.), as well as significant industry terms that might be relevant (Published Author, Certified Project Manager). I usually put this brief section just before work history, but after the Career Summary.
- Leave off the obvious, such as “References Available Upon Request.” Statements like this just clutter the resume–of course they’re available. Don’t put your references on your resume–bring a nicely printed reference page (with your contact info at the top) with you to the interview.
Beyond the Basics
For those of you that have unique situations, here are a few items to address your specific needs:
- If you have a unique first name, consider a simple, safe nickname. An acquaintance of mine goes by “Don” on his resume because his real first name, “Donagh”, of Irish descent, causes issues. This is also useful for interviewing so the interviewer isn’t stumbling over your name.
- If your first and/or last name is not a common name in the U.S. (in other words it sounds “foreign”), consider a section at the end of your resume after your Education that says “Citizenship: U.S. Citizen – born in U.S.” or something similar. This helps to keep your challenging name from eliminating you from selection (which does happen).
- Degree info should not be misleading. Saying “MBA, Georgetown U., 2008-2009” might be your way of saying you attended the program during those years, and you didn’t graduate, but that’s not how it’s perceived. You should state something like “MBA courses, Georgetown U., 2008-2009” or “MBA, Georgetown U., 2008-2009 (in progress).”
Resume Writing Imperatives
- Everything is accurate, truthful, and honest. Resumes do tend to “exaggerate” a bit. For instance saying “lead” rather than “co-lead”, but the truth is that you did lead, so this is okay.
- Make sure that there are NO typos, NO format errors, NO grammar issues, NO lies.
Bottom Line for Resume Writing
It’s these little things in the resume that gets the goat of a recruiter. Your resume’s “look” and basic info shouldn’t set them off. Start with these basic resume tips and you should have something that at least passes their “first glance” test.