Jesus Rebukes Peter


Yes, Christ died for our sins—but let's not forget that He was raised for our sins too!

“He turned and said to Peter, ‘Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man’” (v. 23).  - Matthew 16:21–23

The fundamental point of ecclesiology is encapsulated in the lyric: “The church’s one foundation is Jesus Christ her Lord.” In other words, God’s people find their origin, grounding, direction, and security in Christ. Without a firm grasp of this truth, the church devolves into a man-made society governed by the whims of finite creatures, not the Word of the creator God Himself.

Scripture makes this point in many ways, but it can also speak of Peter and the other apostles as the foundation of the church (Eph. 2:19–20), with Jesus being the “foundation of the foundation” because He is the cornerstone (Acts 4:11). The apostles function as the foundation of the church through their writings — the New Testament — which reveal and proclaim the church’s Lord.

Key to this foundation is Peter’s confession of Jesus as the Christ (that is, Messiah; Matt. 16:16–18), a divinely-revealed truth that sums up the Gospel. John Calvin writes: “The designation Christ, or Anointed, includes both an everlasting Kingdom and an everlasting Priesthood, to reconcile us to God, and, by expiating our sins through his sacrifice, to obtain for us a perfect righteousness, and, having received us under his protection, to uphold and supply and enrich us with every description of blessings.”

Yet Peter did not fully know what he was saying when he first declared that Jesus is the Messiah — the son of David who builds God’s house (2 Sam. 7:1–17). This is evident in today’s passage, wherein Peter is rebuked for misunderstanding Jesus’ work shortly after being praised for recognizing His office. Once it is out in the open that Jesus is indeed the Christ, our Lord begins to teach plainly His need to die for the sins of His people (Matt. 16:21). At first this is unacceptable to Peter; he does not want a Messiah who is anything but a mighty ruler who leads Israel to an earthly victory (v. 22). But there can be no conquering king until the Savior first takes the curse off His nation at Calvary (Gal. 3:10–14).

Peter stumbles and, like Satan in the wilderness, offers Jesus a crown without the cross (Matt. 4:1–11). Jesus has none of this, for He is committed to His Father, whose covenant demands that sin’s debt be paid in full (Ex. 34:6–7).

Coram Deo

Evangelicals often stress that Jesus has died for our sins, but it can be easy to forget that He was also raised for our sins. As we share the Gospel, let us remember to present the truth of the resurrection as well. John Calvin comments, “All ministers…who desire that their preaching may be profitable, ought to be exceedingly careful that the glory of his resurrection should be always exhibited by them in connection with the ignominy of his death.”

Passages for Further Study

  • Psalm 16
  • 1 Peter 2:21–25

Please register for a free account to view this content

We hope you have enjoyed the 10 discipleship resources you have read in the last 30 days.
You have exceeded your 10 piece content limit.
Create a free account today to keep fueling your spiritual journey!

Already a member? Login to iDisciple

Truth and Grace Through Discipline
Chuck F. Betters
Feeding Five Thousand
Dr. R.C. Sproul
Go Into All the World
Greg Laurie
Jesus is Enough to Know God Personally
Anne Graham Lotz
We Are Created to Live in Dependence
Bob Christopher
Follow Us

Want to access more exclusive iDisciple content?

Upgrade to a Giving Membership today!

Already a member? Login to iDisciple